Government moves to restrict use of glyphosate

Just after planning to ban 27 pesticides, the federal government has now moved to control the use of glyphosate, a extensively-utilized herbicide in the nation.

“No human being shall use glyphosate except by Pest Control Operators,” stated a draft notification issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, revealed on July 8. The Ministry has specified thirty times time for any human being to raise objection or tips on the draft buy.

The draft buy which may perhaps be called Restriction on use of Glyphosate Buy, 2020, will appear into power on the date of its final publication in the Official Gazette, the Ministry stated in a notification.

Glyphosate is between the 39 extensively-utilized agrochemicals by the farming group in India to management weeds in tea plantations, non-crop and cropped parts, for about 4 a long time now. The use of herbicides these as glyphosate has been on the rise as farmers have been significantly relying on chemicals to deal with labour shortage, mounting expenditures and to protect their yields from weeds, which compete with standing crops for nutrition.

Additional, the buy states that all holders of certification of registration granted for glyphosate and its derivatives shall return their certificates to the Registration Committee for incorporation of the warning in bold letters ‘The use of glyphosate formulation to be authorized by Pest Control Operators (PCOs)’ on the label and leaflets.

If any human being who retains the certification of registration fails to return the certification to the Registration Committee, referred to in Clause (3), inside a interval of a few months, motion shall be taken less than the provisions contained in the Insecticides Act, it stated. Every single State Authorities shall choose all these ways less than the provisions of the stated Act and the regulations framed thereunder, as it considers important for the execution of this Buy in the State, the buy stated.

The pesticide market stated the government’s proposed transfer is impractical as there are not several PCOs in the farming sector and that it may perhaps effect the gross sales of glyphosate and its products formulations in the nation.

Pradeep Dave, President of the Pesticides Suppliers and Formulators Association of India, stated the federal government would like to see that the application of glyphosate and its goods is taken up by certified folks these as PCOs. “However, the only dilemma is that these operators are not registered with the agriculture section or federal government,” he stated.

Additional, Dave stated that the resubmission of registration certification was not important as it will include to extra procedural functions of the makers. “Once it is notified in the Gazette, everyone will follow it,” he stated.

Rajesh Agarwal, Taking care of Director, Insecticides India Ltd, stated there are hardly any PCOs in the farming sector, and that the government’s determination could be tough to put into action and may perhaps damage gross sales. Additional, the use of PCOs for spraying would also include to the expenditures of the farmers.

“This transfer is towards farmers’ fascination,” stated CD Mayee, President of South Asia Biotech Centre. The federal government could be pondering of curbing the cultivation of HT cotton by limiting the gross sales, but now there are other cotton growers who are dependent on these herbicides to management weeds. Furthermore, where by are the PCOs in rural parts? The idea of PCO may perhaps be prevalent in the US but not in rural India. Any transfer to develop PCOs now would consequence in corruption and licence raj, nevertheless once more, Mayee stated.

Major producers of glyphosate in India incorporate Bayer, Sumitomo, Adama, Crystal, Rallis and Insecticides India, between others.

Most current figures from the Agriculture Ministry advise that glyphosate use stood at shut to 670 tonnes through 2018-19. The government’s transfer is also aimed at managing the unfold of illegal herbicide tolerant (HT) cotton, which extra farmers are found planting this yr.

The timing of the Ministry’s transfer to limit use of glyphosate would seem interesting. It may perhaps be recalled that just lately, Bayer arrived at a $ten.9-billion settlement with the Roundup plaintiffs in the US, who had claimed that the use of herbicide had induced them to build a form of blood cancer. Glyphosate is an active ingredient in the weedicide Roundup.