Kharif Outlook: Cyclones spout excess rainfall, but farmers wait & watch to begin sowing ops

In spite of cyclones Tauktae and Yaas, respectively, hitting the western and japanese coasts in the next fifty percent of final month and bringing rains to most important parts, farmers want to wait and check out ahead of commencing Kharif sowing functions.

A group of farmers in close proximity to Indore in Madhya Pradesh say that they would not commence sowing ahead of June 20 and would want to get follow on showers ahead of commencing Kharif farming functions.

The farmers concur that they have got some showers in May possibly, thanks to Cyclone Tauktae affect, but they would not rush to commence farming functions.

Similar is the thought amongst farmers in Rajasthan. The farmers’ decision to wait and check out, in reality, would seem to be reasonable provided the late get started to South-West Monsoon and its original phase lacking vigour.

Surplus rainfall

In accordance to Skymet temperature, both of those cyclones had resulted in surplus rainfall for the pre-monsoon period from March one to May possibly 29.

GP Sharma, President, Meteorology and Weather Modify at Skymet Climate, instructed BusinessLine that Gujarat got a phenomenal one,078 for each cent, Madhya Pradesh 293 for each cent,Uttar Pradesh 206 for each cent, and Maharashtra 110 for each cent surplus pre-monsoon rainfall.

But he came up with a caveat that farmers would have a superior evaluation of the upcoming spell of rain right after sowing and mere soil moisture alone would not do.

“At finest, it can maintain for a number of times. It is incredibly critical that they get this spell right after a week or 10 times,” Sharma mentioned.

Cyclone Tauktae also boosted pre-monsoon rainfall in Karnataka by increasing the total precipitation in May possibly by 53 for each cent 44 for each cent for the March one-May possibly 29 period. Rainfall all through May possibly in the Karnataka coastal location was bigger by 177 for each cent, in the Malnad location by 77 for each cent and northern parts of the state by forty seven for each cent.

Reservoir amounts

The increased rainfall spurred the farming things to do these kinds of as land preparing and tilling, though providing a fillip to the sowing of kharif crops.

Nevertheless, the cyclones have not helped enhance the storage amount in the a hundred thirty key reservoirs in the country. Facts from the Central H2o Fee present that the storage in the reservoirs is reduced than final yr. On Thursday, the water amount in the reservoirs was 49.356 billion cubic metres (BCM) or 28 for each cent of full stay storage compared with 57.044 BCM or 33 for each cent of the full stay storage on Thursday.

In accordance to BV Mehta, Executive Director, Solvent Extractors Affiliation of India (SEA), the cyclones might enable these who choose up early sowing of oilseed crops these kinds of as groundnut.

Saurashtra, the groundnut bowl, was affected by cyclone Tauktae and generally farmers in Saurashtra get accessibility to water through rain or canal. During Cyclone Tauktae, Saurashtra witnessed heavy winds, not heavy rains.

A dampener in Saurashtra

The surplus rainfall rains and water-logging in the fields adhering to cyclone Tauktae has dampened kharif sowing prospects in parts of Gujarat, specially in Saurashtra and south Gujarat. Farmer sources mentioned that a lot more than the water-logging, power outages thanks to the cyclonic storm have disturbed kharif sowing of cotton and groundnut plans of the farmers.”The priority is to restore electric power for homes in the villages. The power offer for agriculture is being restored slowly,” mentioned an official of the power distribution corporation educated.This is triggering a hold off in the sowing of kharif crops, largely cotton and groundnut. “At current the reduction get the job done is going on for the villagers. This has delayed the kharif sowing and we think it will decide on-up the tempo to the conclude of June,” mentioned Vitthal Dudhatara, President – Bhartiya Kisan Sangh (BKS) – Gujarat location.

Farmers have initiated early sowing of groundnut, but so significantly there are no official figures on the onset of kharif sowing in Gujarat, a good indication that Tauktae has not innovative the sowing in the Condition.

A distinctive tale

The tale in Bengal and Andhra Pradesh, both of those affected by cyclone Yaas, is a wee little bit distinctive.

“We have some problems in coastal locations. So, we are hoping to enumerate and restore the hurt brought about by the ingression of saline water from the sea. That is our problem. Usually, kharif sowing will be as for each our strategy,” mentioned an official of the Bengal Section of Agriculture

While the cyclone Yaas resulted in comprehensive rains in some parts of Andhra Pradesh, farmers really do not have any plans to progress the kharif sowings. “Sowings typically get started right after June fifteen in the Godavari delta locations and in the subsequent number of weeks in other parts of the Condition,” Keshava Rao, President of Andhra Pradesh Rythu Sangham, mentioned.

Nevertheless, groundnut farmers of Rayalaseema have begun sowings in locations beneath borewells.

“We commence get the job done on the fields in the third week of June whether or not or not monsoon comes,” Ch Purnachandra Rao, a Srikakulam (Andhra Pradesh) farmer mentioned.

Karnataka, Maharashtra

In Karnataka, sowing of critical kharif crops these kinds of as cotton, groundnut, inexperienced gram and maize amongst other people have begun in Karnataka. In accordance to officers in the Karnataka Condition Agriculture Section, kharif crops have been sown in about three.05 lakh hectares (lh) until May possibly 31 this yr compared with 2.96 lh in the identical period final yr.

With the onset of monsoon, sowing things to do are established to decide on up in the times forward as farmers are found planning for the new planting year. Karnataka is concentrating on an place of 77 lakh hectare all through the kharif year eyeing a foodstuff generation of 135 lakh tonnes.

In Maharashtra, farmers in the coastal location are nonetheless recovering from the consequences of cyclone Tauktae.

The Condition authorities has introduced that it will pay out Rs 50,000 for each hectare as compensation for the loss suffered by farmers in the affected districts, such as Ratnagiri, Sindhudurg, Raigad, Mumbai, Thane and Palghar.

Other parts in the Condition have received superior pre-monsoon showers and farmers are gearing up for early sowing. As reviews of sowing functions are coming from some parts of the Condition, the Condition Agriculture Section has appealed to farmers not to go for early sowing as it might outcome in failure in germination thanks to inadequate soil moisture.

“Farmers should not go in for sowing until the location receives eighty-100 mm rainfall. Sowing functions in the locations exactly where soil moisture is considerably less would outcome in crop failure and it would outcome in seeds acquiring squandered. Soil moisture will be superior for sowing only right after eighty-100 mm rains,” the Agriculture Section mentioned.

In the final kharif year, soyabean growers and seed companies ended up at loggerheads for the reason that seeds unsuccessful to germinate. Farmers claimed they ended up equipped bad high quality seeds, but seed companies argued that soya seeds need to be sown only right after 77 to 100 mm rainfall.

Final yr early rains begun for the reason that of the cyclone Nisarga and farmers sowed even ahead of sufficient rainfall, according to seed companies.

Skymet’s Sharma says two cyclones on both of those coasts ended up fairly unseasonal for India in May possibly.

Exceptions to farmers ready for rains could farmers in Punjab or Haryana. “Farmers there really do not wait for the monsoon to commence sowing. They have confident floor water or reservoirs to choose up sowing, so they can harvest the crop as early as Septe
mber,” says Sharma.

Also, the wait and check out by a greater part of the farmers in the country is for the reason that the agriculture bowl of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh in central India and Punjab, Haryana and parts of north Rajasthan in North-West India do not right get impacted from a cyclone, he provides.

With contributions from Vinayak, Mangaluru Vishwanath Kulkarani, Bengaluru Tv Jayan, New Delhi KV Kurmanath, Hyderabad Shobha Roy, Kolkata Rutam Vora, Ahmedabad Radheshyam Jadhav, Pune, and Subramani Ra Mancombu, Chennai

(This is portion of a collection of Kharif Outlook reviews that have been appearing in these columns. The reviews will keep on to seem more than the upcoming number of times.)